1. Beginning and Foundation
1. The Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) was founded on February 22, 1969 as an independent political leftist wing of the Palestinian resistance movement. .The emergence of the DFLP occurred within the framework of the great setbacks which the Arab national project had undergone after the June 1967 war. According to left-wing progressive groups, these setbacks uncovered the predicament of the Arab national project and showed the deep crisis which plagued all national movements in general, and the Palestinian-Jordanian arena, in particular. The extent of the crisis affected both programs and leadership on the level of class, concept and politics.
The crisis, and the resultant predicament, pushed many cadres from different national parties and national political entities, towards the left and led them to adopt a national program with a democratic revolutionary content under the banner of a new class vision. Many were seeking an alternative to the traditional Arab national project, but were not attracted to the Fatah Movement which, in launching its historic armed struggle, represented the spontaneous populist approach to resistance, and was guided by the ideology of the national bourgeoisie.. Nor were they attracted by the traditional communist left which throughout its history had not grasped the characteristics of the Palestinian national issue and consequently lost grip of the political initiative. Furthermore, the traditional communist left could not keep up with the national struggle at the critical moment of Palestinian history. It also did not understand the role of armed struggle in resurrecting Palestinian national identity, and in reviving the Palestinian National Movement after the June War in 1967. In addition, it had replaced its "Palestinian" appellation with a "Jordanian" one after the 1948 Nakbah and had abandoned the program of reviving the special role of the Palestinian people, and failed to link together dialectically the national, regional and international dimensions.
It was against this background that the DFLP came into existence believing that there should be a new class and ideological leadership for the national revolution holding a practical political vision and adopting a "scientific socialist" orientation based on the particularities of the Palestinian and Arab situation. With this in mind, the DFLP's intention was to develop a program that would lay down successful solutions based on its own vision of that time. Thus, the DFLP was born as a distinctive group within the context of the Palestinian revolution...