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The Continuous Repercussions of «Ashatea» Agreement
By: Mohammad Al-Sahli
April 29, 2017

The periodization of the supreme national interest over the factional accounts is what can restore the unit.

By the intensity of debates between the Fatah and Hamas movements and mutual accusations between them, it seems clearly that the file of ending the division is still dependent on their respective accounts, away from the comprehensive dialogues decisions in their successive stages.

This confirms that the conditions and the demands of each of the two movements are mainly due to the stubbornness of implementation the terms of Ashatea' agreement which signed between them in April 2014, and the subsequent from unfortunate developments that have recently led to Hamas to form its own administration of Gaza strip and by the PA, and the discount from the salaries of Gaza staff, those both steps with their intensive atmospheres represented the narrowest windows , which are opposing each other, in the context of the dialogue is prepared between them.

Standing at "Ashatea' agreement" and ignoring the decisions of the national consensus regarding ending the division and correcting the Palestinian situation that weakens the hope of a serious breakthrough towards the restoration of unity, and the door remains open for the development of occurring debates that taking place towards the complexity of the situation of division more and more.

Since signing it, the agreement has brought many mines in its fold, linked by referring a number of files to subsequent understandings between the two movements, the most notably are the staff issues and the unification of institutions. As the first issue is not resolved, the unification of the institutions has been delayed, and is the main reason why the government of reconciliation has not been able to exercise its role in the Gaza Strip, and Hamas has still the sole ruler of the administration. With the failure of the repeated meetings that took place after the signing of the agreement, it was clear that the way which adopted by the two movements would not end the division, and the mentioned agreement practically was only a failed ''deal''.

Therefore, things remained as they were, and was only moved to the worst direction with the escalation of the conflicts between the two movements and reaching to a state of mutual accusations and promises.

And with more complexity of the situation by the formation of Hamas the special management of the sector, and its bet on better opportunities according to the improvement of relations with Cairo, it has become difficult to talk about any rule for Al-Hamdallah government with any serious towards Gaza; in order to come the discount of salaries of PA employees in the sector to close the circle on the reality that will explode in case of its continuity; especially with the aggravation of the problems and crises that experienced by the people of the sector.

Within this atmosphere, the delegation of the "central" committee of Fatah movement head to the Gaza Strip to hold a discussion with Hamas on the ground talk about "decisive actions" by the PA in case of Hamas rejected the initiation of President Abbas, which begins to solve the administration of the sector and enable the government of consensus to work in the sector. Hamas, on the other hand, has tightened its conditions regarding the government's commitment to the Gaza Strip, which understand from that is to present a practical solution for the movement staff dilemma.

This comes in the light of the American move on the settlement front within a regional framework, and under conditions that presented by the Trump's administration to the Palestinian Authority, which talks about the acceptance of the Palestinian negotiator to "unconditional" negotiations, while the US administration poses the complex conditions and in the forefront, not to objection (the negotiator) settlement expansion completely freeze and to approve the construction in the settlements, and Washington's dictates on authority to stop "violence against Israel". In the context of the rehabilitation of the PA security devices to serve this goal.

In addition to that, "the Authority's commitment to stop the transfer of funds to the Gaza Strip", which is the condition that placed the deduction of salaries of PA employees in Gaza in a completely different context than the government announced that the discounts were due to a financial crisis experienced by the government.

In the face of these conditions, which seek to adapt the Palestinian situation, the calls have increased for the closure of the road towards the settlement, which has been put forward by the Trump's administration, and instead to correct the Palestinian situation and begin to resolve the accumulated crises starting with the division; and opening the door to rebuilding the Palestinian political system on the basis of Democracy. The risks posed by the Trump's administration about the settlement which are presented by placing it in a regional framework that paves the way for the marginalization of the Palestinian cause and giving the priority to the solutions of the crises that plague the region and presenting the issue of normalization with the occupation and its demarcation regardless of the solutions on the front. Palestinian.

The differences between Fatah and Hamas are escalating as the Netanyahu's government becomes increasingly involved in its expansionist policy, especially with the Trump's administration understanding the Israeli conditions for the resumption of negotiations, in which Netanyahu stressed the need for the Palestinian negotiator to accept the Jewishness of the State of Israel and recognize its borders from the Dead Sea to the White Sea. Before the negotiations.

It is natural to say that the submission of the supreme national interest to the special category accounts is what enables progress on the path of restoring unity outside the framework of bilateral deals and agreements, and the commitment of the resolutions of the comprehensive national dialogues.

The most important of these decisions was the formation of a comprehensive national unity government of all factions and factions, the completion of the work of the Committee in preparation for the election of a new National Assembly and the signing of calls for return to the old council.

Reversing the resolutions of national consensus has been the biggest dilemma for the progress of national action. The evasion of the implementation of the decisions of the Central Council at its last session may be an expression of this dilemma, so that the security coordination with the occupation continues and deepens in contrast to the resolutions of the Council which called for its immediate cessation.

The failed bet on the settlement continues, with ignoring its terms and conditions, starting with the negotiations that followed the Oslo's Accords, through the French initiative, which is full of file after it became sterile to the Palestinian negotiator, to the Trump's administration's proposal of a regional "deal" at the expense of the Palestinian national rights.

Therefore, it is only possible to return to the resolutions of the national consensus and the commitment to implement them, and will not lead to the deterioration of the situation in the Palestinian situation.

Notes:Mohammad Al-Sahli is an Editor in Chief of Al-Hourriah newspaper, the official speaker of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Translated by: Rawda Abo Zarqa and Manal Mansour

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