The deals that are being held under the name of the agreement aims to devote bipolarity in the Palestinian political scene
The mutual «flirtation letters» between Fatah and Hamas didn’t last long. And soon the echo of applause that was interrupted the speech of Khaled Meshaal; the head of the political bureau of Hamas, which was delivered at the Seventh Conference of the Fatah movement faded so, the matters between the two movements returned to the division situation and its consequences.
Some observers found in these messages an Introduction to an actual change on the ground that paves the way for the completion of the intractable reconciliation between Fatah and Hamas, and considered the facilities provided by the «Hamas» for the members of Gaza Conference as a bias to President Abbas in the face of his opponents, especially as it prevented them from organizing any event that expresses their rejection for the mechanisms of holding the conference and its formation.
While others saw that these facilities were an implementation of the agreement between the two factions under a regional sponsorship, and that the whole issue is limited by holding the conference only, and perhaps this explains the sharp criticism which was issued by Hamas as was stated in Abu Mazen speech at the conference.
The countable «honey» days between the two movements confirmed that at least each one has the ability to stop the media strife and to focus on purifying the internal Palestinian atmospheres. But the problem is that this ability appeared only by an external push; and toward one specific mission which is the holding of Fatah conference that once it had been achieved, so the conflicts returned between them.
Before the sharp division happened one year ago, the Palestinian case components reached to form a «national reconciliation document», which was established by the initiative of the prisoners, and it indicates programmatic and organizational clear determinants that push towards the exit of the Palestinian situation from the accumulated crises which it was suffering from.
This document was signed by all Palestinian forces and factions. But it did not find its way to the implementation for many reasons, most notably the insistence of both poles, which were produced by the «legislative council elections» on the bias of its policies and special considerations. Instead of the commitment to the national consensus resolutions that expressed by the document, the two parties resorted to bilateral negotiations that produced the «Mecca agreement», that according to it the Palestinian, the tenth government was formed, headed by Ismail Haniyeh,. It was clear that the agreement implanted mines which soon exploded with the Hamas armed control on the Gaza Strip in 14/6/2007.
Since the «Mecca agreement» and even the «al-shatae agreement» 2014; the major dilemma before the restoration of the Palestinian unity was represented in these bilateral agreements, although the reaching of the comprehensive national dialogue to crucial decisions on ending the division and the rebuilding of the Palestinian political system and the unification of the national liberation program.
In each of these bilateral agreements the quotas between Fatah and Hamas prevail through factional self-interest considerations. With each agreement, each prepares to get rid of its entitlements in accordance with subjective estimates that activate its attempts to strengthen his influence in the power positions.
For this reason, the right way to end the division and restore the unity is the commitment of the comprehensive the national dialogue decisions because they essentially get away from quotas by asserting on the principle of national partnership in decision-making as in the confrontation with the occupation; and these decisions ensure the processing of the political and organizational reasons that led to the division, thus the restoration of unity comes on solid foundations linked with achieving the supreme national interest, on the contrary of the current deals which the two sides of division make from time to time under the circumstantial effect.
The most importantly, that these deals are aim to keep the bipolarity on the Palestinian political scene; in a serious attempt from each one to weaken the other ; and that what moved the national relations to their worst situations with the stretching of the sharp strife and interactions. It is normal that these matters reflected negatively on the Palestinian national movement and its ability to confront the occupation and its expansionist and aggressive policies.
What helps the continuation of this fact and its disastrous consequences is the absence of the «Third Pole» which is supposed that the democratic and leftist Palestinian parties to represent themselves in a unified framework in order to restore the balance of the Palestinian political scene, and to put an end to the bad effects of the existing bipolar situation. Although the five democratic and leftist forces gathered in the framework of the “Democratic Alliance'' before the local elections, but the generalization and the continuity of this experience is a national mission that cannot be delayed.
The last legislative elections have produced a Palestinian political system with two opposite heads, because they were made according to a mixed electoral system between the proportional representation and the closed circles. System moved from the unipolar to the bipolar state, which pushes to emphasize on the need to adopt the proportional representation in all the electoral stages for the institutions of the PLO and the Palestinian Authority, to produce a balanced and political system and expressing the Palestinian social and political reality away from the dominance of the single party or conflicting bipolarity.
Until that time, the Palestinian situation including Fatah and Hamas can correct the reality of the internal national relations and purify their atmospheres by the adoption of the constructive dialogue and by getting away from tension and approaching and focus on the common denominators, the most important is the national interest in the face of the Israeli expansionist policies and the unification of the field efforts in the context of this confrontation.
All of these are still visible tasks and its entitlements are possible implementing which do not require pressure from any party outside the Palestinian equation. What is exposed is not a «coexistence» with the division, but reducing of its manifestations and consequences and paying attention to the national priorities, and this in itself helps to progress towards ending the division under the atmospheres of national responsible and correct relations.
However, The task of ending the division and restoring the solid unity needs to a political will in accordance to prioritizing the national interests at the expense of the factional limited interests, and in accordance to the practical conviction of the national partnership on the basis of «partners in the blood, partners in the decisions and the confrontation».