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Resolution on Palestine adopted by the 24th Meeting of Sao Paulo Forum in Havana, July 2018

The 24th Meeting of Sao Paulo Forum, gathered in the city of Havana, Republic of Cuba, from 15 to 17 July 2018, passed the following Resolution referred to the State of Palestine, on the basis of the following considerations:

On November 29, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 67/19 (A/RES/67/19) by which Palestine was granted the condition of “non-member Observer State” of the said organization. This Resolution reaffirms the right of the Palestinian people to a territory within the borders defined prior to the 1967 war, even if it does not imply the admission of Palestine as a full member of the organization, because there is the –inescapable— requirement of the consensual approval by the Security Council, which the United States of America opposes, to the present day, even though the majority of UN member countries have manifested themselves in favor of Palestine becoming a member with full rights.

The United Nations, through General Assembly Resolution 32/40 of 1977, fixed the date of November 29 to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, because, on that same date, but in the year 1947, the Assembly passed Resolution 181, by which it proposed the partition of Palestine in two States, one of them Jewish (the State of Israel, created in 1948), and another Arab, the State of Palestine, which, up to this date, it has not been possible to create.

On 1948, started what is known as Al-Nakba (catastrophe), the expulsion of about 900.000 Palestinians, two thirds of Palestinian native population, at the hands of Zionist forces which implanted the State of Israel over 78 percent of Palestinian land, 24 percent more than proposed by Resolution 181. Today, and according to UN figures, the Palestinian population outside their territories amounts to over five million refugees who continue to be prevented from returning to their own lands.

The government of Israel, besides prohibiting by every means Palestinians from returning to their homes from which they were expelled, uses hundreds of measures and procedures to continue with the expelling and ethnic cleansing (which the Israeli rightwing calls transfer) of the population of 100% of Palestine: the territories it occupied in 1948 and those it occupied in 1967 (Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem, occupation declared illegal by international law). The usurpation of Palestinian lands and the displacement of their population are actions undertaken day by day, in plain sight, patience and indifference of the whole world.

Despite the peace negotiations (which are stopped due to Israeli intransigence) more than half of the Palestinians live in exile; the almost 2 million who remain in the territories occupied in 1948 live as fourth category citizens subject to the racist laws of the State of Israel; the 2 million who live in Gaza endure a criminal blockade imposed by Israel, which prevents the entry and exit of people and goods, even the most basic ones such as food and medicine, and subjected to continuous aerial and land bombardments. The rest live in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, divided into cantons or Bantustans surrounded by walls, fences, illegal colonies and military checkpoints and their population subjected to the demolition of homes and theft of land to build more exclusive settlements for newly-foreign Jews arrived. All are policies aimed at forcing Palestinians to abandon their properties.

Thus, the 24th Forum of Sao Paulo manifests itself in favor of keeping the memory alive. Refugee camps continue to exist in Gaza, the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the neighboring Arab countries and, nevertheless, the majority of Palestinians live with the hope of having full justice and freedom.

We condemn the plans for colonization of the Israeli government that are being implemented at an accelerated pace on Palestinian occupied territory, particularly in the Palestinian capital of East Jerusalem. We affirm the rejection of racist legislation dealing with occupation, destined to perpetuating ethnic cleansing in Jerusalem, demolishing houses and stealing Palestinian lands.

We express our condemnation of the illegal decision of US President Donald Trump to consider Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and to transfer his embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. We further reject the Deal of the Century posed by the USA in order to eliminate the Palestinian cause, through an attempt to prevent the inclusion of the issues of refugees and Jerusalem in any future negotiation.

We support the Palestinian people in their popular resistance and their right, as a people suffering occupation, to resist by every means in conformity with international law.

In the face of the Palestinian suffering in the Gaza Strip in the light of the continuing blockade of over ten years, we condemn the attempts by successive Israeli governments of perpetuating the separation between the West Bank and Gaza, and of destroying the possibility of an independent Palestinian State, and we highlight the unity of the land of the State of Palestine in Gaza and the West Bank.

We commend the firmness of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails. We ask international institutions to continue on with their cases in every universal forum until their freedom is achieved. We condemn the arrest of children, who have become a symbol of Palestinian pride vis-à-vis the occupation.

We pay tribute to the Palestinian woman in the continuing struggle against the occupying force, to the people in the refugee camps and in the diaspora, who defend their right to return and their struggle for civilian, social and economic rights in their countries of refuge, in a way that would guarantee a free and dignified living.

The international community must take up their responsibilities on the basis of the pertinent UN resolutions in order to put an end to occupation and to allow the State of Palestine to achieve its independence and to exercise its full sovereignty over its territory, including Jerusalem, within the borders before June 4, 1967, and thus we consider that the solution of the conflict must take place through an international conference with the goal of assuring the end of Israeli occupation and the dismantling of settlements, allowing for the creation of the State of Palestine, with East Jerusalem as its capital, solving the problem of refugees, in conformity with General Assembly Resolution 194 and solving the other matters by virtue of resolutions of international legality and international law with a fixed deadline.

Israel must be accountable for its violations against the Palestinian people by way of the tools of international law. We stress the need to adopt the boycott of Israel and we call on the nations of the world to impose sanctions in order to prevent its flagrant violations of international law and to put an end to its continued aggression against the Palestinian people. We affirm the urgent need for an international protection of the Palestinian people under occupation in conformity with pertinent Security Council resolutions.

One of the ways in which we can contribute in solidarity with the legitimate struggle of the Palestinian people is by demanding that countries which have not yet expressed their full recognition of the State of Palestine proceed consequently by a sense of humanity and based on the multiple United Nations resolutions and respect for International Law, because although over 130 countries have recognized Palestine as a free and sovereign state, it is hard to understand or to find any reason that would justify the fact that still many states have not yet undertaken any action tending to this important recognition.

The 24th Meeting of the Forum of Sao Paulo once again expresses its solidarity with the just cause of the Palestinian people.



[1] UN Resolution 67/19 http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/67/19

[2] UN GA Resolution 181 and Resolution 32/40 http://www.un.org/en/events/palestinianday/


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