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The People and The Land

Palestine Before 1948
Zionist Settlement in Palestine

It is worthy to mention that during that period in the nineteenth cetury, the national awareaness appeared in Great Syria including Palestine, in its up to date conception which was basically focused in Europe in parallel with the developing stages of capitalism there.

Due to the crystalized national awareness and the intellectual, cultural attention in the Arab homeland, which have been stuggling for unity, independence and the control of the economical sources, created a challenging empetus against all the strange intrusive powers on this one Arab people.

Therefore there was a national attention outcrying for the challenge and the resistance of the zionist settlement in Palestine since its outset. But those efforts were not basically transformed into programmed approaches.

Contrarily, the Zionist movement, after “Bazel” conference in Swizerland in 1897, had immediately formulated its establishments in a way that would lead to realize its objectives.

It was obvious during the Ottoman regime that the Ottoman authority didn’t reject the settlement of Jews on its lands but it opposed their immigration to it, from other countries to Palestine in particular.

Since the outset, the “Sublime Porte” instructed its consuls to inform the Jews, desiring to immigrate to Palestine, that they, were disallowed to settle in Palestine as foreigners but to gain the Ottoman nationality and commit to laws valid in the states they like to stay in.

Despite the official situation of the Ottoman government there was a remarkable increase in Jewish settlement in Palestine by illegal ways through the support of foreign consuls, and the bribes offerred to the Ottoman government personnels who yielded, in some cases, by the insistent continuous compulsion.

Also the Jews never hesitated to buy lands at any time and construct settlements. Historically, when the intensive Zionist settlement movement, and owning land by all means and the illegall ways, the Arab resistence movement rose up, particularly by militant peasants and bedouins against the newly-erected settlements on their lands from which they were ousted of work.

The resistance was escalating to prevail all villages and towns. The rejection of the people was forwarded to the Turkish parliament by the Palestinian leaders. It was a severe assault by the rejectionists as those practices were not terminated.

Despite that, the Zionist political powers’ activities increased and the Zionist settlement was reinforced during “The Second Immigration” from 1904-1914. That resulted from the corruption of the Ottoman State System at that time and the prearrangement of some Ottomans with the Zionist aims and the activities of foreign state consul for their benefit.

Source:Palestinian National Information Center

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